Pakistan is considered among the most populated nations across the globe. People belonging to different cultures, ethnic groups, casts and creed can be found in this country. Due to the increased population rate in the country, the concern regarding the overall development of the nation is also increasing in which education is the foremost one. Since, education is known as the vital element for the development of any nation; therefore, countries across the globe mainly focus on this aspect. However, as per a survey report, the literacy rate of Pakistan is 59.9% which is way too far from the required literacy rate by United Nation’s MDGs i.e. 88%.
There are several issues that can be highlighted here regarding the literacy matters of Pakistan. Firstly, the lack of proper planning and financial management is the major issue observed at the part of the concerned authorities. However, we need to understand that this issue is not the main hindrance in the provision of education; but some of them are due to the social and cultural constraints of the people (mainly those living in the rural areas of Pakistan). This is evident from the fact that the enrolment rate of rural girls is about 45% lower than the urban girls. The reasons behind this are the early marriages of the girls, illiteracy of the parents and their high safety concerns for their daughters.
Additionally, the cost of private education and insufficient funds for education are the other major obstacles in the provision of quality education. All in all, the natural disasters, poverty, poor quality, lack of access, budgetary constraints and law and order situation have highly contributed in the low literacy rate of our country. These issues if resolved can lead towards increased literacy rate of Pakistan and consequently the development of the nation.