Drought and water shortage is one of the major risks the world has been facing for years and
very few are doing something about it. People in both rural and urban areas are suffering from
life taking diseases which has only one reason “shortage of pure water”.
Although water and energy are two majorly debated topics in Pakistan for over years but no one
seems to be linking these two topics and plans to improve the condition where number of people
are increasing day by day who die and get ill because of these two reasons.
Water risk is connected to two other big risks that is failure to adapt to climate change and the
food crisis. The World Economic Forum Global Risk Report has also reclassified it from an
environmental risk to a societal risk, recognizing the urgency to tackle water scarcity on various
areas, for people`s health and wellbeing.
Despite the increasing water and energy crisis, there are plans for more than 1000 new coal
plants worldwide expected to go online by 2025. Much of the proposed coal expansion is in
already water stressed regions that already have limited available water for sanitation, health and
According to WWF, some 1.1 billion people worldwide lack access to water, and a total of 2.7
billion find water insufficient for at least one month of the year.
Clean drinking water is scarce and there are millions of people across the globe who spend their
entire day searching for it. Yet, people who have access to safe, clean drinking water take it for
granted and don’t use it wisely.
“Children of a culture born in a water-rich environment, we have never really learned how
important water is to us. We understand it, but we do not respect it.”
There are many ways in which health can be affected due to shortage of water like hair thinning,
rashes in the body, erratic blood pressure that is frightening and very painful.
People in rural areas do not boil water and use them for drinking directly from rivers which is
unhealthy for them because the water is polluted and not hygienic for direct drinking and
Water crisis can lead to food crisis and it can be a reason of food poisoning. People don’t
understand it and those who understand it, don’t do much about it. Short term solutions for the water shortage can be:
– Rationing water in urban areas only affects a small portion of water supplies, most water
is used for farming and livestock — currently not restricted
– Desalination of sea water works, but is expensive and requires a lot of electricity.
– Legislation passed to regulate groundwater usage won’t come into effect for years
– Pumping groundwater provides water today, but depletes aquifers that may take decades to replenish
There are many NGOs, social services organizations and health ensuring agencies who are
working on the above solutions. They work hard to provide health facilities to people, do efforts
for the people and make sure they get pure water for the drinking and other purposes in order to maintain
health of the society.