Social work in Islam is the service to humanity. And after the worship of God, no task is nobler than this.
Fitra is the part of social services which means, “To Split.”
Basically, Eid-ul-Fitr is the special reward from Allah for Muslims upon completion of the fasting during Ramadan! It falls on the 1st of the Islamic month of Shawwal. It is known as Eid-al-Fitr because of the obligation for Muslims to pay the Zakat-al-Fitr also known as Fitra. It is basically to serve poor or needy to make their Eid beautiful!
Fitra becomes wajib upon the sighting of the moon. It is preferable if you separate the Fitra during the night before Eid-ul-Fitar from his income.
If not, then from onwards till reciting the prayers of Eid-ul-Fitar you can distribute it, but make sure it should be before Eid prayers with the niyat to serve for Allah!
Islam is very peaceful religion. We all are brothers to each other and for this case; every Muslim has the responsibility of another one. Zakat and Fitra help poor and needy to survive.
In the real sense, Fitra is farz on all mature, liberate, sane. Fitra is obligatory on Ghani (an independent person who can afford the expensive for the whole year) persons for themselves as well as for their family members. Irrespective of the fact that it is obligatory for one to bear the expenses of his family members and that the family members are mature (baligh) or not (na-baligh), are liberated/free or slave.
The amount of Fitra is very measured such as three and a half kg for a single person. You can distribute Fitra on wheat, barley, dates, rice or whatever items, mainly edible. If no, then instead of kgs you can distribute money to the deserving people (poor, preference should give to relatives, poor neighbors then ulmas), but the amount should determined by the rates of the items.
On the other hand (don’ts),
Fitra is not obligatory on a Faqeer. One would categorize as Faqeer, who is dependent on another person.
Fitra is still not distributed until the descending of the Sun starts (zawal), it is still recommended to pay the Fitra on that day and even if the day passes, Fitra is still too paid on the following day.
The persons receiving the Fitra money should not be Syed, however, if the Fitra is coming from a Syed then a deserving Syed can also receive it.
And one more important point;
Fitra is collected only from the Muslims and distributed amongst the poor Muslims only. Thus one cannot give Fitra to disbelievers!
Hazrat Ayesha (R.A) reported that, Hazrat Muhammad (SAWW) said;
“Ten are the acts according to Fitra: clipping the mustache, letting the beard grow, using the tooth-stick, snuffing water in the nose, cutting the nails, washing the finger joints, plucking the hair under the armpits, shaving the pubic hair and cleaning one’s private parts with water.
The narrator said: I have forgotten the tenth, but it may have been rinsing the mouth.”
, Sahih Muslim, 261a